Emperors of India

Did a historical Jesus exist? The power of faith has so forcefully driven the minds of most believers, and even apologetic scholars, that the question of reliable evidence gets obscured by tradition, religious subterfuge, and outrageous claims. The following gives a brief outlook about the claims of a historical Jesus and why the evidence the Christians present us cannot serve as justification for reliable evidence for a historical Jesus. All claims about Jesus derive from writings of other people. There occurs no contemporary Roman record that shows Pontius Pilate executing a man named Jesus. Devastating to historians, there occurs not a single contemporary writing that mentions Jesus. All documents about Jesus came well after the life of the alleged Jesus from either: Although one can argue that many of these writings come from fraud or interpolations, I will use the information and dates to show that even if these sources did not come from interpolations, they could still not serve as reliable evidence for a historical Jesus, simply because all sources about Jesus derive from hearsay accounts. Hearsay means information derived from other people rather than on a witness’ own knowledge.

The Greatest Historical Miracle You’ve Never Heard Of

Anno Domini The year numbering system used with Common Era notation was devised by the Christian monk Dionysius Exiguus in the year to replace the Era of Martyrs system, because he did not wish to continue the memory of a tyrant who persecuted Christians. Bede also introduced the practice of dating years before what he supposed was the year of birth of Jesus, [15] and the practice of not using a year zero.

The term “Common Era” is traced back in English to its appearance as “Vulgar Era” [e] to distinguish dates on the Ecclesiastic calendar from those of the regnal year , the year of reign of a sovereign, typically used in national law. The first use of the Latin term vulgaris aerae [f] discovered so far was in a book by Johannes Kepler. Thus, “the common era of the Jews”, [34] [35] “the common era of the Mahometans”, [36] “common era of the world”, [37] “the common era of the foundation of Rome”.

Furthermore, several style guides now prefer or mandate its usage.

About the authorship of Ephesias, Colossians, and 2 Thessalonians, debate continues; but the majority of scholars include these, too, among the “deutero-Pauline”– literally, secondarily Pauline– letters.

Ancient Greece Ancient Greece was the birthplace of Western philosophical ethics. The ideas of Socrates c. The sudden flowering of philosophy during that period was rooted in the ethical thought of earlier centuries. In the poetic literature of the 7th and 6th centuries bce, there were, as in other cultures, moral precepts but no real attempts to formulate a coherent overall ethical position. The Greeks were later to refer to the most prominent of these poets and early philosophers as the seven sages , and they are frequently quoted with respect by Plato and Aristotle.

Knowledge of the thought of this period is limited, for often only fragments of original writings, along with later accounts of dubious accuracy, remain. He appears to have written nothing at all, but he was the founder of a school of thought that touched on all aspects of life and that may have been a kind of philosophical and religious order.

Anno Domini

Probably India did not have a clear local name earlier because, like China , it seemed to be the principal portion of the entire world, and so simply the world itself. Sumeru or Meru , the only one inhabited with humans identical to us. The only question was how much of it was taken up by India. Indeed, India was once an island in the Mesozoic Ocean, but it moved north and collided with Asia. In Chinese, we get various ways of referring to India.

The modern form, , renders the name phonetically with characters of no particular semantic significance “print, stamp, or seal” and “a rule, law, measure, degree”.

Likewise, just because you can’t explain a shroud image, doesn’t mean you have to accept the supernatural.

History[ edit ] The Anno Domini dating system was devised in by Dionysius Exiguus to enumerate the years in his Easter table. His system was to replace the Diocletian era that had been used in an old Easter table because he did not wish to continue the memory of a tyrant who persecuted Christians. When he devised his table, Julian calendar years were identified by naming the consuls who held office that year—he himself stated that the “present year” was “the consulship of Probus Junior “, which was years “since the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ”.

Among the sources of confusion are: The civil or consular year began on 1 January but the Diocletian year began on 29 August 30 August in the year before a Julian leap year. There were inaccuracies in the lists of consuls. There were confused summations of emperors’ regnal years. It is not known how Dionysius established the year of Jesus’s birth. Two major theories are that Dionysius based his calculation on the Gospel of Luke, which states that Jesus was “about thirty years old” shortly after “the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar”, and hence subtracted thirty years from that date, or that Dionysius counted back years from the first year of his new table.

For example, the Islamic calendar begins not from the date of the Hijra , but rather weeks prior, on the first occurrence of the month of Muharram corresponding to 16 July At the time, it was believed by some that the Resurrection and end of the world would occur years after the birth of Jesus. The old Anno Mundi calendar theoretically commenced with the creation of the world based on information in the Old Testament.

Common Era

Michael Kerper Dear Father Kerper: Someone told me that December 25 is definitely not the birthday of Jesus Christ. Was Christ born on Christmas or not? If not, why has the Church always claimed that Jesus was born on December 25? And how could people get so mixed up about something so important?

Maranatha Lord Jesus, Yeshua!!!

Table of Contents I. A scientific overview for the end of II. Mayan calendars and Mayan binary codes III. More clues of various kinds IV. Jaime Maussan and the Quetzalcoatl hypothesis V. Some crop pictures have predicted the future VI.

When Were the Gospels Written?

January 18, iStock The word thesaurus literally means “repository” or “storehouse,” and it ultimately comes from the same root as the word treasure. There’s certainly some treasure to be unearthed in one, so in honor of Thesaurus Day, here are 25 smart-sounding synonyms to reboot your vocabulary. Thanks to the foul language of the people who worked there, the name eventually became synonymous with all coarse or abusive language.

An embranglement, likewise, is a tricky, confusing situation. It might only be a febricula that’s a light or passing fever , but nevertheless, you might need a febrifuge a drug that lowers your temperature.

Thus the shroud does not appear in history before the 14th century.

This post has already been read times! According to the legends in the Ramayana , the great Hindu epic poem, it was …built by the Vanara ape men army of Lord Rama in Hindu theology with instructions from Nala, which he used to reach Lanka and rescue his wife Sita from the Rakshasa king, Ravana. At high tide, the water is about 12 feet 4m deep on average apparently it ranges from 1m up to 10m deep in some places. The chain of shoals is roughly feet m wide.

It was reportedly passable on foot up to the 15th century until storms deepened the channel: Later, Alberuni described it. However, that was before the internet existed to let wild and unsubstantiated conspiracy theories go viral. In the 19th century, there were two prevalent theories explaining the structure. One considered it to be formed by a process of accretion and rising of the land, while the other surmised that it was formed by the breaking away of Sri Lanka from the Indian mainland.

The friable calcerous ridges are broken into large rectangular blocks, which perhaps gave rise to the belief that the causeway is an artificial construction… which essentially consists of a series of parallel ledges of sandstone and conglomerates that are hard at the surface and grows coarse and soft as it descends to sandy banks.

24 Words That Used to Mean Something Negative

I find CE a wonderful source of encouragement and support. My spiritual adviser faith friend suggested I do some spiritual reading daily, and I do this now using CE. So I am delighted to be here, and thanks again. Stephen Beale I just want to express my gratitude for the feedback this article has generated. There is no rapture and there never was! Why Protestants believe this is beyond me?

They represent copies from previous copies.

Blomberg, The Case for Christ 26 Because of the lack of original texts, it has been very difficult to date the canonical gospels as to when they were written or even when they first emerge in the historical record, as these two dates may differ. According to this scholarship, the gospels must have been written after the devastation because they refer to it. However, conservative believers maintain the early dates and assert that the destruction of the temple and Judea mentioned in the gospels constitutes “prophecy,” demonstrating Jesus’s divine powers.

The substantiation for this early, first-century range of dates, both conservative and liberal, is internal only, as there is no external evidence, whether historical or archaeological, for the existence of any gospels at that time. Nevertheless, fundamentalist Christian apologists such as Norman Geisler make misleading assertions such as that “many of the original manuscripts date from within twenty to thirty years of the events in Jesus’ life, that is, from contemporaries and eyewitnesses.

Moreover, even the latest of the accepted gospel dates are not based on evidence from the historical, literary or archaeological record, and over the centuries a more “radical” school of thought has placed the creation or emergence of the canonical gospels as we have them at a much later date, more towards the end of the second century.

Anonymous and Pseudonymous Authors Based on the dating difficulties and other problems, many scholars and researchers over the centuries have become convinced that the gospels were not written by the people to whom they are ascribed. As can be concluded from the remarks of fundamentalist Christian and biblical scholar Dr. Blomberg, the gospels are in fact anonymous. In reality, it was a fairly common practice in ancient times to attribute falsely to one person a book or letter written by another or others, and this pseudepigraphical attribution of authorship was especially rampant with religious texts, occurring with several Old Testament figures and early Church fathers, for example, as well as with known forgeries in the name of characters from the New Testament such as the Gospel of Peter, et al.

In actuality, there were gospels composed in the name of every apostle, including Thomas, Bartholomew and Phillip, but these texts are considered “spurious” and unauthorized. Although it would be logical for all those directly involved with Jesus to have recorded their own memoirs, is it not odd that there are so many bogus manuscripts? What does it all mean? If Peter didn’t write the Gospel of Peter, then who did?

Why Does “Will Not” Become “Won’t”?

Friday, 6 April Does ‘Hovah’ really mean ‘a ruin, disaster’? Does ‘Hovah’ mean ‘a ruin, disaster’ in Strong’s Concordance? I was asked, Why do you use the name ‘Jehovah’ when ‘hovah’ in the Strong’s Concordance means ‘a ruin, disaster’. The two words only sound similar to someone blissfully ignorant of Hebrew grammar.

IX, Number 6, p.

Introduction Radiocarbon, or Carbon dating, was developed by W. It is perhaps one of the most widely used and best known absolute dating methods and has become an indispensable part of an archaeologist’s tool-kit. In , Libby was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry for radiocarbon dating. This will enable the reader to gain an appreciation of the advantages and disadvantages of this process.

Is carbon dating applied to the Qur’anic manuscripts? Can radiocarbon dating provide more accurate results than traditional palaeographic techniques and associated methods? We will focus on these questions below. Principles And Practice Carbon has two stable, nonradioactive isotopes:

Debunking the Adam Bridge

A comparative survey of churches and religions – AD 30 to ,” there are 19 major world religions which are subdivided into a total of large religious groups, and many smaller ones. Expecting followers of other religions to imply this status for Yeshua can create ill feeling. We receive many Emails each week from visitors to our web site. The former Emailers are generally secular, non-Christian, or liberal Christian; the latter are almost all conservative Protestants.

Simultaneously, many secularists and non-Christians feel under attack from conservative Protestants.

Some apologists attempt to dig themselves out of this problem by claiming that there lived no capable historians during that period, or due to the lack of education of the people with a writing capacity, or even sillier, the scarcity of paper gave reason why no one recorded their “savior.

What is the Shroud of Turin? What do you know about the Shroud? What is your experience with the Shroud? The Shroud of Turin is a large rectangular woven cloth, approximately 14 ft by 3. It appears to show the front and rear images of a naked man and is alleged by some to be the burial cloth of Jesus Christ. It is owned by the Catholic Church and stored in the cathedral of St.

John the Baptist in Turin, Italy, hence its name. It is rarely on display to the public. While some Christians vouch for its authenticity, many do not. Even the Vatican won’t say it’s authentic, which is in itself instructive. The provenance or history of past ownership of the Shroud of Turin can only be traced back to the 14th century, around CE [1]. It turned up in the possession of a soldier of fortune who could not or would not say how he acquired the most holy relic in all of Christendom.

There is no record of its existence from the time of Jesus’ crucifixion until this date. That’s 13 centuries of silence.

Why Isn’t Italy Named Romania After The Romans?


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